Ashley J. Tellis

Advisor SASSI

Director Carnegie Institute Washington DC

Ashley J. Tellis is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, specializing in international security, defense, and Asian strategic issues. While on assignment to the U.S. Department of State as senior adviser to the Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs, he was intimately involved in negotiating the civil nuclear agreement with India.

Previously he was commissioned into the Foreign Service and served as senior adviser to the ambassador at the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi. He also served on the National Security Council staff as special assistant to the President and senior director for Strategic Planning and Southwest Asia.

Prior to his government service, Tellis was senior policy analyst at the RAND Corporation and professor of Policy Analysis at the RAND Graduate School. He is the author of India’s Emerging Nuclear Posture (2001) and co-author of Interpreting China’s Grand Strategy: Past, Present, and Future (2000). He is the research director of the Strategic Asia program at NBR and co-editor of the seven most recent annual volumes, including this year’s Strategic Asia 2010–11: Asia’s Rising Power and America’s Continued Purpose. In addition to numerous Carnegie and RAND reports, his academic publications have appeared in many edited volumes and journals. He is frequently called to testify before Congress.

Tellis is a member of several professional organizations related to defense and international studies including the Council on Foreign Relations, the International Institute of Strategic Studies, the United States Naval Institute, and the Navy League of the United States.


Dr Samar Mubarakmand

Advisor SASSI

Ex-Chairman NESCOM

Born on September 17, 1942 at Rawalpindi; Dr. Samar Mubarakmand did his Master in Physics from the prestigious Government College Lahore in 1962 with Academic Roll of Honour. To fulfill his ambition to become an experimental Nuclear Physicist he chose the world renowned Oxford University under the supervision of a very well known Nuclear Physicist Professor D.H.Wilkinson.After joining P.A.E.C in 1962, he proceeded to Oxford University where he performed as a Member of the Team of Scientists which installed and commissioned the 22 millions volt Atomic Accelerator and was awarded D.Phil Degree in Experimental Nuclear Physics in 1966.As a pioneer, he used fiber optic technology in Pakistan and introduced the technique of interference free data transmission through optical fibers. In recognition of valuable contributions in the field of Nuclear Physics, the President of Islamic Republic of Pakistan awarded the prestigious civil award of Sitara-i-Imtiaz in 1992.As Member (Technical) P.A.E.C & Team Leader of Scientists/Engineers conducted Nuclear Tests for Pakistan. All the six tests were successfully conducted on 28th & 30th May, 1998. In recognition of valuable contributions to the Defense of Pakistan, the President of Islamic Republic of Pakistan awarded the prestigious civil award of Hilal-i-Imtiaz in 1998.

Performed as Team Leader and played a key role in the conception, design and execution of the indigenous programme of surface to surface, solid fuel, SHAHEEN Missile system. The first successful flight-test of Shaheen-I was carried out in 1999. In recognition of the outstanding contribution to the Strategic Defence Programme, the President of Islamic Republic of Pakistan awarded the highest civil award of Nishan-i- Imtitz in 2003.

In recognition of his meritorious & dedicated services, outstanding contribution in the field of Nuclear Physics, Strategic Defense Programme, and making the defense of motherland strong & invincible Dr. Samar Mubarakmand was also awarded Dr. Nazir Ahmed Award, Fellow of Pakistan Academy of Sciences, and International Scientist of the Year 2007.

Dr. Samar Mubarakmand served as Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Science & Technology (from December 2007 to April 2008). Dr. Samar Mubarakmand joined Planning Commission, Govt. of Pakistan as Member (Science & Technology), Islamabad on 16-12-2008.

Jamshed Hashmi  

Advisor SASSI

Former Chairman Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority

Member of the Pakistan Nuclear Society and Member of the Pakistan Engineering Council has worked as Member of the Pakistan Nuclear Safety Committee (PNSC) and subsequently the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safety (ACRS) Head Operational Safety Experience Unit in the Department of Nuclear Safety International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Vienna, Austria. Developed a new operational safety service for the IAEA called PROSPER (Plant Review of Operational Safety Performance of NPPs) with special emphasis on acquisition and trending of low level events to anticipate degradation of safety performance, Director General Nuclear Power, Project Manager Informatics Complex, Director Division of Computers and Control, Head Computer Division PINSTECH, in PAEC Islamabad.General Manager Karachi Nuclear Power Complex (KNPC) & Technical Manager, Head Electrical and Control Maintenance PAEC KANUPP Karachi Design Engineer, Atomic Energy Commission of Sweden and AB De Laval Instrument Engineer, Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), USA. In recognition of his contributions, the Government of Pakistan has conferred on him the Tamgha-i-Imtiaz (T.I)  


Dr Parvez Butt

Advisor SASSI

Former Secretary Science and Technology

Dr Parvez Butt has been secretary Science and Technology and Chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) since 2001. He brings to his assignment, a richness of technological accomplishments, a wealth of professional expertise, a diversity of management experience and an unwavering commitment to the pursuit of development of atomic energy. He joined PAEC in 1962 and holds and M.S. degree in Mechanical/Nuclear Engineering from the University of Toronto and was a member of the KANUPP Design team. He established various equipment manufacturing workshops to develop all aspects of Pakistan`s nuclear programme. As member (power) of PAEC he has been responsible for all activities related to Nuclear Fuel and Power; and has been decorated with prestigious national awards. A Governor of WANO (TC), Mr. Butt has written/presented many articles/reports on indigenisation of the nuclear industry in Pakistan.


Zafar Iqbal Cheema

Senior Advisor on Arms Control and Nuclear Non-Proliferation

Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences, Meritorious Professor and Chairperson (& Founding Member), Department of Defence & Strategic Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad – Pakistan.

Area of Specialization: South Asian Security, Arms Control and Non-Proliferation. Ph.D. War Studies, Department of War Studies, King’s College, University of London, U.K. (1987-1991).

Diploma in Advanced International Program on Conflict Resolution, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala- Sweden. 1994 M. Sc. International Relations, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad-Pakistan. 1976. MA Political Science, Punjab University, Lahore-Pakistan. 1971.

Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU, Islamabad –Pakistan. (Since January 2005 till-date) Senior Associate Member, St. Antony’s College, Oxford. (Jan -June 2005) Quaid-i-Azam Fellow (Fellowship on Comparative Politics of South Asia), St. Antony’s College, Oxford University, Oxford. (Jan 2001 – Dec 2004) Professor of Defence & Strategic Studies, QAU, Islamabad. (Since 1994) Visiting Research Fellow, Department of War Studies, King’s College, University of London, U.K. (1999 – 2000) Chairperson, Department of Defence & Strategic Studies, QAU. (1993 – 1999) Research Associate (Fulbright Fellow), Institute for the Study of Diplomacy, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Washington D. C.(1995-1996) Associate Professor of Defence & Strategic Studies, QAU. (1993-1994) Assistant Professor of Defence & Strategic Studies, QAU. (1983-1992) Lecturer (on Deputation from Army), Defence & Strategic Studies. (1980 -1983) Instructor in Political Science and International Affairs, PMA, Kakul. (1976-1980)  


“Governing Nuclear Weapons: Opportunities and Constraints of Democratic Accountability beyond Command and Control: A Case Study of Pakistan,” in Hans Born (ed.), Governing Nuclear Weapons (Geneva, DCAF, 2008) (This paper is available at ).

“The Strategic Context of the Kargil Conflict: The Pakistani Perspective”, Peter R. Lavoy (ed.) Asymmetric Warfare in South Asia: The Causes and Consequences of Kargil Conflict, (New York-London: Cambridge University Press, 2008) under publication.

“Growing Conventional and Strategic Asymmetry and its Implications for South Asian Stability,” IPRI Book 2007 Ballistic Missile and South Asian Security, ISBN 976-969- 8721-19-0, pp. 96-113.

“Review of Pakistan: Nationalism without a Nation,” Journal of Islamic Studies, (Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies), 16 (2), May 2005. (Review article, Pakistan: Nationalism without a Nation, edited by Christopher Jaffrelot, London, Zed Books 2002), pp. 352, price BP £14.95, ISBN 1-84277-117-5.

“Progression of India-US Relationship and its Implications for Pakistan”, FRIENDS Quarterly Journal “National Development and Security” Vol. XIV, No. 1, Serial No. 53, autumn 2005, pp 30-50

“Role of Nuclear Weapons in Pakistan’s Defence Strategy”, IPRI JOURNAL, Vol. IV, No. 2, summer 2004

“Prospects of Strengthening CBMs Regime in South Asia,” a research paper published in IPRI Monograph, Pervaiz Iqbal Cheema and Imtiaz H. Bokhari (eds.), Conflict Resolution and Regional Cooperation in South Asia (Islamabad, Islamabad Policy Research Institute, 2004).

“Terrorism in Central and South Asia”, DAXIYANGGUO, Vol. I. No. 3, 2003, (Portuguese Journal of Asian Studies, Lisbon)

“Command and Control Infrastructure: Operational Asymmetries and Dichotomies,” a research Paper published in IPRI Journal, Volume II, Number II, Summer 2002, Islamabad – Pakistan.

“Security Studies in Pakistan: Current Trends and Future Directions,” in, Dipankar Banerjee (ed.), Security Studies in South Asia: Change and Challenges (Colombo, Regional Centre for Strategic Studies, 2000).

“Pakistan’s Nuclear Doctrine and Command and Control,” in, Lavoy, Sagan and Wirtz (eds.), Planning the Unthinkable: Weapons of Mass Destruction and Command and Control (Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 2000).

“South Asian Security after India-Pakistan Nuclear Tests,” Pakistan Defence Review Vol. 11, No. 1, 1998.

“Evolution and Development of Indian Nuclear Weapons Capability,” The Citadel, Professional Magazine of the Command and Staff College Quetta Vol. XV No.3/98, 1998

“A Comparative Analysis of Approaches to the Protection of Fissile Material: The Experience in Pakistan,” A Comparative Analysis of Approaches to the Protection of Fissile Material, Proceeding of the Workshop at Stanford University, July 28-30, 1997 (California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 1998)

“Background Factors relating to Nuclear Disarmament Issues including NPT, CTBT and likely Future Developments,” in Fasahat H. Syed (ed.), Nuclear Disarmament and Conventional Arms Control including Light Weapons (Islamabad, FRIENDS, 1997).

“Pakistan’s Nuclear Policies: Attitudes and Postures,” in (eds.) PR Chari, PI Cheema and Iftekharuzzaman, Nuclear Proliferation in India and Pakistan (Colombo: Regional Centre for Strategic Studies, 1996)

“Nuclear Arms Control in the Indian Ocean with special reference to South Asia,” in INDIAN OCEAN: Security and Stability in the post-Cold War (Islamabad: Directorate of Naval Educational Services, 1995.

“Nuclear Arms Control in the Indian Ocean,” Defence Journal, Vol. XX, No. 5-6, 1994.

“Nuclear Arms Control in South Asia,” U S. I. Journal, (New Delhi) Vol. XCXXIII, No. 513, Jul-Sep 1993.

“South Asia: Regional Nuclear Diplomacy in the 1980s,” Regional Studies, Vol. X, No. 3, summer 1992.

“Pakistan’s Nuclear Policy under Z. A. Bhutto and Zia-Ul-Haq: an Assessment,” Strategic Studies, Vol. XIV, No. 4, summer 1992.

“India’s Strategic Policy: An Overview,” Strategic Perspective, Vol. 1, No. 3, summer 1992

“Indo – U. S. Nuclear Cooperation,” Pakistan Journal of American Studies, Spring Issue, 1992.

“U.S. Strategy in the Persian Gulf,” Pakistan Horizon, Vol. XL, 1987

“Pakistan’s Case for a Nuclear Security Guarantee,” Pakistan Horizon, Vol.39, No. 4, 1986

“South Asia as a Nuclear-Weapons Free-Zone,” Strategic Studies, Vol. 4, No. 2, 1981

“Pakistan at Geo-Strategic Crossroads,” Rising Crescent, A Journal of the Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul, April 1978

“The Third World Struggle,” Rising Crescent, October 1977


A book manuscript on the Indian Nuclear Deterrence: Its Evolution and Development is complete. The Oxford University Press (OUP), Pakistan – Karachi, has in principle accepted it for publication.

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